Pale

The Pale was the area around Dublin under direct English control in the late Middle Ages, so called because, supposedly, it was enclosed by a boundary ditch. In fact the area of the Pale varied greatly, sometimes extending out in a great arc of territory, but sometimes being little more than then area immediately around Dublin. Life in the Pale, beyond the Pale, and in the turbulent borderlands, is described and explained in two chapters in the first book of Rutherfurd?s Irish saga: 'Dalkey' and 'The Pale'.




 

 

 

Did You Know?
In Manhattan in the early to mid nineteenth century, scores of pigs roamed the streets – about 20,000 of them at peak population in the early 1820’s, a ratio of roughly one pig to every five humans ! Many of them belonged to families. The city was quickly growing in the nineteenth century – in population and wealth disparity. Despite rapid urbanization, non-wealthy New Yorkers continued raising hogs as a means of surviving. A family could always slaughter one of its pigs to feed itself, or sell one of them since pork was a staple of the American diet. Why pigs? Other animals weren’t quite so compatible with urban life. People could let their pigs wander the streets, rummage through trash for the piles of spoiled food that was left out on the street during the day, and count on them to return home in the evening !




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