Cossacks

The Cossacks were a huge community of runaway serfs, free men and adventurers living on the frontier lands of the steppe, from the Ukraine eastwards to the River Don. They were proud of their independence, their Orthodox faith, and of the military help they could bring to the rulers of Muscovy - if they chose. But in the Ukraine, they also fell under the control of the Catholic Poles, and the story of their struggle with the Poles - and their hatred of the Jews who served them - in the seventeenth century is the main action of the 'Cossack' chapter of RUSSKA. (See also Karpenko). The subsequent revolt of the Cossack 'hetman' Mazeppa against Peter the Great occurs in 'Peter'.




 

 

 

Did You Know?
The first Armistice Day observances, which included a two minute silence, were held in London at Buckingham Palace on the eleventh day of November 1919, exactly a year after the last day of World War I. That same day, in America, President Woodrow Wilson signed a proclamation commemorating the day as Armistice Day. In Britain, Canada and many other places, this date is now called Remembrance Day; in the US Veterans Day.




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