Cossacks

The Cossacks were a huge community of runaway serfs, free men and adventurers living on the frontier lands of the steppe, from the Ukraine eastwards to the River Don. They were proud of their independence, their Orthodox faith, and of the military help they could bring to the rulers of Muscovy - if they chose. But in the Ukraine, they also fell under the control of the Catholic Poles, and the story of their struggle with the Poles - and their hatred of the Jews who served them - in the seventeenth century is the main action of the 'Cossack' chapter of RUSSKA. (See also Karpenko). The subsequent revolt of the Cossack 'hetman' Mazeppa against Peter the Great occurs in 'Peter'.




 

 

 

Did You Know?
New York City’s Blackout of 1977. The first day in one of its longest and hottest heat waves on record brought about many of New York’s deep rooted issues – namely economic decline and growing crime – and plunged the city into darkness for 25 hours. Though the streets emptied of traffic, arson, looting and rampant crime threw the city into disarray. To this day, July 13, 1977 is remembered as one of the most infamous days in New York’s history.




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