Cossacks

The Cossacks were a huge community of runaway serfs, free men and adventurers living on the frontier lands of the steppe, from the Ukraine eastwards to the River Don. They were proud of their independence, their Orthodox faith, and of the military help they could bring to the rulers of Muscovy - if they chose. But in the Ukraine, they also fell under the control of the Catholic Poles, and the story of their struggle with the Poles - and their hatred of the Jews who served them - in the seventeenth century is the main action of the 'Cossack' chapter of RUSSKA. (See also Karpenko). The subsequent revolt of the Cossack 'hetman' Mazeppa against Peter the Great occurs in 'Peter'.




 

 

 

Did You Know?
After World War I, a movement began to commemorate unknown fallen soldiers with a single tomb. On November 11, 1920, two years following the Armistice that ended the war, both France and the UK buried the remains of soldiers whose bodies couldn’t be identified. The British soldier was chosen from one of four who’d been exhumed from different battlefields in France, and transported back to England. This Unknown Warrior is to be found at Westminster Abbey in London. The French Unknown Soldier lies at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. In 1921, a similar monument was set up at the Arlington National Cemetery in the US. There are similar tombs in 58 countries at last count.




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